[Translated by Fulano from from an article in Spanish.]
TIJUANA .- In just a decade, the flow of migrants to the United States declined from 500,000 in 2000 to only 150,000 who now are seeking to cross the border without documents, this due to the economic crisis and the harsh anti-immigrant policy in the US.
In addition Baja California ranks first in the nation with foreign residents, with 120,000, mostly Americans residing in large numbers in Playas de Rosarito.
This is a situation of concern to the municipal authorities of Rosarito because this foreign population demands public services, but is not counted as a part of the population for the purpose of distributions of federal funds to the city.
This was disclosed in a presentation of the results of Population and Housing Census of 2010 of INEGI in El Colef, by representatives of the Institute, Juan Enrique García López, director of Demographic Analysis, of the Directorate General of Sociodemographic Statistics, and Joaquin Hernandez, Regional head of INEGI.
They also explained that this decline in migration has impacted border regions such as Baja California, where there has been a lower inflow of deportees from the US.
“The economic crisis in the United States, along with the tightening of anti-immigrant policies, has reduced the number of undocumented migrants attempting to cross the border. From 2000 to 2010, the flow dropped from 500,000 to only 150,000,” said García López.
However, he stated that Baja California is among the states with the largest foreign population, amounting to more than 120,000, mostly located in the municipality of Playas de Rosarito.
“This population is comprised of retired Americans who spend part of the year on the Baja California coast. The mayor of Rosarito Beach has expressed his concern to us, because this population demands a range of services be provided to their homes, which is difficult to provide because these people are not taken into account for purposes of federal contributions,” said Joaquin Hernandez, of the Regional INEGI.
Moreover, it was explained that Tijuana is already the third most populous city in Mexico, after Ecatepec and Iztapalapa, cities in Mexico State with populations of just over 1.5 million people.